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An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions (Neophoca cinerea)

หน่วยงาน Central Queensland University, Australia

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions (Neophoca cinerea)
นักวิจัย : Smith, Bradley P. , , Litchfield, Carla Anita. ,
คำค้น : Sea Lions , Enrichment , Stereotypic Behaviour , Zoo
หน่วยงาน : Central Queensland University, Australia
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2553
อ้างอิง : http://hdl.cqu.edu.au/10018/1030704 , acquire1-20141223-165844 , cqu:12301
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : -
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA (withdrawal) experimental design over a 30-day period (180 hr). The study expected extrinsically reinforcing objects to be more effective than intrinsically reinforcing objects in reducing pattern swimming. The male sea lion spent more than 45% of scans engaged in pattern swimming during the initial baseline, which was reduced by at least 25% when enrichment items were present. However, there was no evidence of stereotypic behavior in the female sea lion, indicating that individual differences may exist. When enrichment was present, the study observed more active behaviors in both nonhuman animals. They spent more time interacting with the non-food-related objects overall. Therefore, introducing simple enrichment devices offers a cheap, practical, and effective method of adding complexity to the environment, which is likely to benefit the animals' welfare and enhance the zoo-visitor experience.

บรรณานุกรม :
Smith, Bradley P. , , Litchfield, Carla Anita. , . (2553). An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions (Neophoca cinerea).
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Central Queensland University, Australia.
Smith, Bradley P. , , Litchfield, Carla Anita. , . 2553. "An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions (Neophoca cinerea)".
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Central Queensland University, Australia.
Smith, Bradley P. , , Litchfield, Carla Anita. , . "An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions (Neophoca cinerea)."
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Central Queensland University, Australia, 2553. Print.
Smith, Bradley P. , , Litchfield, Carla Anita. , . An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions (Neophoca cinerea). กรุงเทพมหานคร : Central Queensland University, Australia; 2553.