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Thailand in Southeast Asia : a study of foreign policy behavior (1964-1977)

หน่วยงาน สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : Thailand in Southeast Asia : a study of foreign policy behavior (1964-1977)
นักวิจัย : Corrine Phuangkasem
คำค้น : International law , International relations
หน่วยงาน : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2523
อ้างอิง : Ph.D., University of Hawai'i. (1980) 265 pages; AAT 8100673 , http://dspace.library.tu.ac.th/handle/3517/3764 , http://dspace.library.tu.ac.th/handle/3517/3764
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : -
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

This dissertation tries to provide causal explanations of Thailand's foreign policy behavior towards it Southeast Asian neighbors and towards the four Major Powers, during the 14-year period from 1964 to 1977. Internal and external factors which affect Thailand's behavior are considered. Attempts are made to determine the most potent factor influencing foreign policy behavior, or more specifically, to assess the relative potency between the internal and external sets of factors. This causal relationship is suggested in the following hypothesis. Thailand foreign policy behavior is more determined by external than internal factors. This hypothesis is developed from the general paradigm of the literature on Southeast Asia which seems to show that external forces are the overpowering factors in the foreign relations between states in this region. Through the application of Rummel's Social Field Theory, the hypothesis is further elaborated and empirically tested. Field theory assumes that the behavior of nations is a linear function of the attribute differences and similarities between them. This theory is well supported by the results of the canonical analyses done in this dissertation. The average trace correlation was .66. In other words, 43 percent of the variance in Thailand's foreign behaviors were accounted for by its attribute distances from the other 13 object nations. However, the hypothesis which tried to assess the relative potencies between internal and external types of national attributes in influencing foreign behavior was rejected. From the factor analysis of attribute variables, four common attribute dimensions were delineated. Three of them were mixed characteristic attribute dimensions, i.e., having both internal and external types of attributes. There was only one purely internal attribute dimension. This proved that it is difficult to separate the internal and external factors when we speak of a nation's attributes. Moreover, most of the canonical equations indicated that Thailand's foreign behavior across time was only explained by mixed attribute dimensions. Therefore the factor and canonical analyses proved that both internal and external factors had nearly equal importance in determining Thailand's behavior and they could not be separated. The hypothesis of this study is not only tested at the aggregate level through quantitative analysis but also at the individual level. The latter test is done by the survey of opinions of Thai foreign policymakers who were in charge of Thai foreign policy during the period of this study. The conclusions from the distributed questionnaires and from personal interviews showed that 81 percent of these policymakers disagreed with the hypothesis. Only 19 percent of them seemed to support it. Both findings at the aggregate and individual levels are the same but they contradict the general paradigm concerning the foreign relations of Southeast Asian nations as provided by the non-quantitative writers. This contradiction is believed to be due to differences in research methodologies and subjective evaluations. The author concluded that Thailand is a deviant case study that cannot really fit in the already well-established generalizations on Southeast Asian affairs. In other words, the external factors may be the most potent foreign policy determinants for the majority of Southeast Asian nations but not for Thailand. Therefore this general paradigm should not be rejected until further research is done to test whether Thailand is actually a deviant case study as the author assumed.

บรรณานุกรม :
Corrine Phuangkasem . (2523). Thailand in Southeast Asia : a study of foreign policy behavior (1964-1977).
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ .
Corrine Phuangkasem . 2523. "Thailand in Southeast Asia : a study of foreign policy behavior (1964-1977)".
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ .
Corrine Phuangkasem . "Thailand in Southeast Asia : a study of foreign policy behavior (1964-1977)."
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ , 2523. Print.
Corrine Phuangkasem . Thailand in Southeast Asia : a study of foreign policy behavior (1964-1977). กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ ; 2523.