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Interactions between trophic levels in upwelling and non-upwelling regions during summer monsoon

หน่วยงาน National Institute Of Oceanography (NIO), India

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : Interactions between trophic levels in upwelling and non-upwelling regions during summer monsoon
นักวิจัย : Malik, A. , Fernandes, C.E.G. , Gonsalves, M.J.B.D. , Subina, N.S. , Mamatha, S.S. , Krishna, K.S. , Varik, S. , RituKumari , Gauns, M. , Cejoice, R.P. , Pandey, S.S. , Jineesh, V.K. , Kamaleson, A.S. , Vijayan, V. , Mukherjee, I. , Subramanyan, S. , Nair, S. , Ingole, B.S. , LokaBharathi, P.A.
คำค้น : Coastal upwelling , Phytoplankton , Zooplankton , Parameters , Upwelling , Bacteria , Trophic levels
หน่วยงาน : National Institute Of Oceanography (NIO), India
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2558
อ้างอิง : Journal of Sea Research, vol.95; 56-69 , http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/4680
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : -
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

Coastal upwelling is a regular phenomenon occurring along the southwest coast of India during summer monsoon (May–September). We hypothesize that there could be a shift in environmental parameters along with changes in the network of interactions between bacteria, phytoplankton, and zooplankton in upwelling and non-upwelling regions. During cruise No 267 on FORV Sagar Sampada, water samples were analysed for environmental and biological parameters from two transects, one upwelling region off Trivandrum (TVM) (8°26`N, 76°20`E–8°30`N, 76°50`E), and the other non-upwelling region off Calicut (CLT) (11°11`N, 75°30`E–11°14`N,74°54`E), about 230 nmi to the north. Meteorological, hydrological, and nutrient profiles confirmed upwelling off TVM. Bacteria, phytoplankton and zooplankton significantly responded. Primary and bacterial productivity enhanced together with increase in the percentage of viable bacteria (TVC). Pearson's correlation analysis pointed out the differences in bacterial interactions with other trophic levels at both transects. TVC played a prominent role in trophic interactions off TVM by depending on phytoplankton for substrate (r = 0.754). This contrasted with CLT where total counts (TC) played an important role. However, most interrelationships were less pronounced. Principal component analysis (PCA) confirmed the correlation analysis and further showed that the factor loadings of the biotic and abiotic parameters differed in strength and direction in the two regions. More importantly, the processes of mineralization by bacteria and uptake by phytoplankton are obviously more coupled off TVM as evidenced by the clustering of the related parameters in the PCA biplot. Canonical correspondence analysis also complements these findings and demonstrated that the abiotic factors influenced phytoplankton and bacteria similarly at TVM but differently at CLT. The impact on the trophic interrelationships is evident by the close association between all the variables in upwelling waters. Besides, bacteria may represent a more stable element in the food web, TVC for upwelling region and TC for non-upwelling region

บรรณานุกรม :
Malik, A. , Fernandes, C.E.G. , Gonsalves, M.J.B.D. , Subina, N.S. , Mamatha, S.S. , Krishna, K.S. , Varik, S. , RituKumari , Gauns, M. , Cejoice, R.P. , Pandey, S.S. , Jineesh, V.K. , Kamaleson, A.S. , Vijayan, V. , Mukherjee, I. , Subramanyan, S. , Nair, S. , Ingole, B.S. , LokaBharathi, P.A. . (2558). Interactions between trophic levels in upwelling and non-upwelling regions during summer monsoon.
    : National Institute Of Oceanography (NIO), India.
Malik, A. , Fernandes, C.E.G. , Gonsalves, M.J.B.D. , Subina, N.S. , Mamatha, S.S. , Krishna, K.S. , Varik, S. , RituKumari , Gauns, M. , Cejoice, R.P. , Pandey, S.S. , Jineesh, V.K. , Kamaleson, A.S. , Vijayan, V. , Mukherjee, I. , Subramanyan, S. , Nair, S. , Ingole, B.S. , LokaBharathi, P.A. . 2558. "Interactions between trophic levels in upwelling and non-upwelling regions during summer monsoon".
    : National Institute Of Oceanography (NIO), India.
Malik, A. , Fernandes, C.E.G. , Gonsalves, M.J.B.D. , Subina, N.S. , Mamatha, S.S. , Krishna, K.S. , Varik, S. , RituKumari , Gauns, M. , Cejoice, R.P. , Pandey, S.S. , Jineesh, V.K. , Kamaleson, A.S. , Vijayan, V. , Mukherjee, I. , Subramanyan, S. , Nair, S. , Ingole, B.S. , LokaBharathi, P.A. . "Interactions between trophic levels in upwelling and non-upwelling regions during summer monsoon."
    : National Institute Of Oceanography (NIO), India, 2558. Print.
Malik, A. , Fernandes, C.E.G. , Gonsalves, M.J.B.D. , Subina, N.S. , Mamatha, S.S. , Krishna, K.S. , Varik, S. , RituKumari , Gauns, M. , Cejoice, R.P. , Pandey, S.S. , Jineesh, V.K. , Kamaleson, A.S. , Vijayan, V. , Mukherjee, I. , Subramanyan, S. , Nair, S. , Ingole, B.S. , LokaBharathi, P.A. . Interactions between trophic levels in upwelling and non-upwelling regions during summer monsoon. : National Institute Of Oceanography (NIO), India; 2558.