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Mycobacterium tuberculosis NAD+-dependent DNA ligase is selectively inhibited by glycosylamines compared with human DNA ligase I

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : Mycobacterium tuberculosis NAD+-dependent DNA ligase is selectively inhibited by glycosylamines compared with human DNA ligase I
นักวิจัย : Srivastava, Sandeep Kumar , Dube, Divya , Tewari, Neetu , Dwivedi, Namrata , Tripathi, R P , Ravishankar, Ramachandran
คำค้น : DNA ligases , NAD1-dependent , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , LigA
หน่วยงาน : Oxford University Press
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2548
อ้างอิง : Nucleic Acids Research, 2005, Vol. 33, No. 22, 7090–7101 , http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/41
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : CDRI communication number 6784
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

DNA ligases are important enzymes which catalyze the joining of nicks between adjacent bases of double-stranded DNA. NAD1-dependent DNA ligases (LigA) are essential in bacteria and are absent in humans. They have therefore been identified as novel, validated and attractive drug targets. Using virtual screening against an in-house database of compounds and our recently determined crystal structure of the NAD1 binding domain of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis LigA, we have identified N1, Nn-bis-(5-deoxy-a-D-xylofuranosylated) diamines as a novel class of inhibitors for this enzyme. Assays involving M.tuberculosis LigA, T4 ligase and human DNA ligase I show that these compounds specifically inhibit LigA from M.tuberculosis. In vitro kinetic and inhibition assays demonstrate that the compounds compete with NAD1 for binding and inhibit enzyme activity with IC50 values in the mM range. Docking studies rationalize the observed specificities and show that among several glycofuranosylated diamines, bis xylofuranosylated diamines with aminoalkyl and 1, 3-phenylene carbamoyl spacers mimic the binding modes of NAD1 with the enzyme. Assays involving LigA-deficient bacterial strains show that in vivo inhibition of ligase by the compounds causes the observed antibacterial activities. They also demonstrate that the compounds exhibit in vivo specificity for LigA over ATPdependent ligase. This class of inhibitors holds out the promise of rational development of new anti-tubercular agents.

บรรณานุกรม :
Srivastava, Sandeep Kumar , Dube, Divya , Tewari, Neetu , Dwivedi, Namrata , Tripathi, R P , Ravishankar, Ramachandran . (). Mycobacterium tuberculosis NAD+-dependent DNA ligase is selectively inhibited by glycosylamines compared with human DNA ligase I.
    : .
Srivastava, Sandeep Kumar , Dube, Divya , Tewari, Neetu , Dwivedi, Namrata , Tripathi, R P , Ravishankar, Ramachandran . . "Mycobacterium tuberculosis NAD+-dependent DNA ligase is selectively inhibited by glycosylamines compared with human DNA ligase I".
    : .
Srivastava, Sandeep Kumar , Dube, Divya , Tewari, Neetu , Dwivedi, Namrata , Tripathi, R P , Ravishankar, Ramachandran . "Mycobacterium tuberculosis NAD+-dependent DNA ligase is selectively inhibited by glycosylamines compared with human DNA ligase I."
    : , . Print.
Srivastava, Sandeep Kumar , Dube, Divya , Tewari, Neetu , Dwivedi, Namrata , Tripathi, R P , Ravishankar, Ramachandran . Mycobacterium tuberculosis NAD+-dependent DNA ligase is selectively inhibited by glycosylamines compared with human DNA ligase I. : ; .