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Solid waste management in some Asian countries

หน่วยงาน สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : Solid waste management in some Asian countries
นักวิจัย : Jindal, R. , Harada, H. , Shikura, S.
คำค้น : -
หน่วยงาน : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2540
อ้างอิง : Environmental systems reviews. Issue 42-43 (1997) pp. 1-126 , http://dspace.library.tu.ac.th/handle/3517/516
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : -
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

Solid wastes are the inevitable by-products of life. From a general definition point of view, any 'waste' is an unwanted 'thing' which needs to be disposed. From a systems point of view, the term waste may be defined as: any unnecessary input to, or any undesirable output from any system. Solid wastes are the waste materials in solid state form and constitute the most heterogeneous collection of substances possible. These may contain any of the solid substances found in nature as well as the man-made materials as a result of human life-ecosystem interactions. Also, these may or may not be directly usable or disposable, and may or may not create environmental pollution and other ecological disturbances. There are endless causes of waste generation in the ecosystem. Every moment everywhere on this planet, something is discarded as waste. The situation has reached a point where mankind without a proper mechanism for waste disposal or management simply can not sustain itself in the long run. The Asia-Pacific region contains just over half of the world's population and although it comprises only 20% of global economic activity, it promises to be one of the most dynamic regions in the world. However, one of the most pressing problems afflicting the Asian countries is the lack of proper sanitation and waste disposal programs. In the past, governmental policies in developing countries emphasized development, where as pollution control and the preservation and improvement of environmental quality were largely neglected. Contaminated water sources and uncontrolled disposal of wastes and excreta are major threats to public health and environmental quality. Pollution and environmental deterioration are especially acute and evident in the larger cities and their surrounding metropolitan areas. Recently, as the situation in large metropolitan areas in Asian countries became intolerable, public officials became painfully aware of the close interrelationship between pollution control and public health. Consequently, governments in many countries in cooperation with certain international institutions are taking steps to implement some pollution control measures and waste management programs. Furthermore, public officials in these countries realize the close relationship between waste management and proper functioning of other municipal services. For instance, in the past, sewerage and drainage services provided to urban areas ignored that fact that without a solid waste collection system, residents of the area would dispose their wastes in drainage canals and sewers which eventually would lead to the clogging of the sewers and an overflowing by the canals. At present, although the state of affairs in many Asian countries still seems rather grim, it is beginning to improve. Decision makers are becoming aware of the dangers and problems of improper management of solid wastes and of the urgency to initiate remedial measures. Studies and surveys are being made; strategic plans are being drawn and steps are being taken to implement them.

บรรณานุกรม :
Jindal, R. , Harada, H. , Shikura, S. . (2540). Solid waste management in some Asian countries.
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ .
Jindal, R. , Harada, H. , Shikura, S. . 2540. "Solid waste management in some Asian countries".
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ .
Jindal, R. , Harada, H. , Shikura, S. . "Solid waste management in some Asian countries."
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ , 2540. Print.
Jindal, R. , Harada, H. , Shikura, S. . Solid waste management in some Asian countries. กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ ; 2540.